B Unit 3: Contents

Justice, Subsidiarity and the Role of Government

3.1     INTRODUCTION: JUSTICE 

3.1.1    What should government do?

3.1.2    Answer: justice

3.1.3    Government depends on possible resort to coercion

3.1.4    Distributive justice

3.1.5    Retributive justice and the rule of law

3.1.6    Two temptations for Christians to avoid

3.2     THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY

3.2.1    Finding CST’s view of the role of government

3.2.2    Quadragesimo Anno on subsidiarity

3.2.3    The ‘pluralist’ dimension of subsidiarity

3.2.4    Reasons for the principle of subsidiarity

3.2.5    Suspensions of subsidiarity

3.2.6    Questions for discussion half way through the unit

3.3     THE POSITIVE, ‘SUBSIDIARY’ ROLE OF GOVERNMENT

3.3.1    Recognizing civil society bodies

3.3.2    Upholding human rights

3.3.3    Directing society to the common good

3.3.4    Government’s responsibility for distributive justice: interim summary

3.3.5    Further issues

3.3.6    John Courtney Murray: government’s role as ‘public order’

3.4     DEVELOPING OUR STUDY OF LIBERALISM, CONSERVATISM AND SOCIALISM

3.4.1    Civil society and state

3.4.2    Liberalism, conservatism and socialism: take two

3.5     REVIEW AND DISCUSSION OF UNIT 3

3.6     COMMENTS ON UNIT 3


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